Timeline

Eliza Fenwick’s Journey

1729

Peter Jaco born at Newlyn. Father: Nicholas Jacka, Mother: Honour Downing

1757

John Fenwick Jr. born

1765

Peter Jaco married Elizabeth Hawkesworth. Sheffield England

1766

Elizabeth Jaco born (most likely in Lancashire)

1788

John Fenwick likely married Elizabeth Jaco. (Still looking for evidence)

1789

Elizabeth Ann Fenwick born to John Fenwick & Elizabeth Fenwick (nee Jaco)

1792

A Vindication of the Rights of Women by Mary Wollstonecraft, published by Joseph Johnson

1793

Godwin sends John Fenwick to Paris with a copy of Political Justice for Gen. Miranda

1795

Eliza Fenwick publishes Secresy; or Ruin on the Rock, through a conger group with William Lane

1797

Eliza Fenwick attends Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin’s death following the birth of her daughter Mary (later Shelley) and Provides initial care

1798

Orlando Fenwick born to Eliza and John Fenwick

1798

John Fenwick publishes ”Observations on the Trial of James Coigley for High Treason, & c”

1799

Eliza’s first school has 6 students earning £32 per year.

1800

Mary Robinson publishes Poem in Morning Chronicle – Tribute to Orlando

December - August 1800

Monthly Magazine Vol. 10 announces Mrs. Fenwick is writing another Novel

1802

C. Lamb “Fenwick is a ruined man. . . hiding from his creditors, sent his wife & children to the country

1804

C. Lamb letter to Dorothy Wordsworth w’ thanks for the poems (Arthur’s Bower &c) for Mrs. Fenwick’s compilation “Songs for the Nursery” published by Tabart 1805

1804

Eliza publishes Mary & Her Cat and The Life of Carlo & c for Tabart & Co,

1805

Presents for Good Girls. London: printed for Tabart & Co Presents for Good Boys: in words of one and two syllables. printed for Tabart & Co. Visits to the Juvenile Library: &C. Tabart and Co,

1807

Eliza manages Godwin’s Juvenile Library, leaves 30 Jan 1808

1807

Crabb Robinson initiates a subscription among friends to raise 50£ to help Eliza Fenwick

1808

Eliza laments rejection of her novel The Castle of Indolence, Stephen Kemble solicits Eliza Ann to join his company at Whitehaven (lttr 20b)

1810

Eliza is by now working as a Governess for the Moses Mocatta family at Wyck Street Chiswick London (Letter 20c) (Prominent banking family in London) (M.M. & Ester Lttr 21)

1810

Eliza publishes Infantine Stories in Words of Words of One, Two and Three Syllables. London: Tabart & Co

1811

Mocatta Banking Family Godwin notes seeing Mocatta with Eliza Fenwick at a Coleridge lecture in December (source?)

1811 - 1812

Rays from the Rainbow (1811), a paint-by-number or parse-by colour grammar book she produced from William Godwin’s Juvenile Library. The Class Book, edited in 1806 by Rev. David Blair (Eliza Fenwick) published (1811) by Richard Phillips

1812

Eliza leaves London for her Governess position at Cork, Ireland

1812

Marriage of William Rutherford and Eliza Ann Fenwick, Parish of St Michaels, Barbados

1813

Lessons for Children: or Rudiments of Good Manners, Morals and Humanity. London: William Godwin

1813

William Patrick Rutherford born in Barbados, Parish of St Michaels

1814

Eliza and son Orlando leave for Barbados

1814

Eliza and Orlando arrive in Barbados to join Eliza Ann and her family pictured - The Careenage in Bridgetown Barbados where Eliza & Orlando arrived in Barbados

1814 - 1822

Eliza & her daughter Elizabeth Rutherford ran a “Seminary for Young Ladies” in Bridgetown, Barbados

1815

Thomas Fenwick Rutherford baptised, 3 months old, at St. Michaels Parish, Barbados, August 3, 1815.

1816

Orlando (Lanno) Fenwick died of Yellow fever in Barbados

1817

Elizabeth Rutherford baptised at St. Michaels Parish, Barbados, May 6, 1817.

1818

Orlando (Roland) Rutherford born in Barbados July 16, 1818.

1822

Eliza with her family, six students and one servant arrive in America. A party of 13

1822

Mesdames Fenwick and Rutherford open their French & English Seminary in New Haven

1822 -1825

Eliza’s family meet Alexander Duncan who was attending Yale in New Haven and his soon to be fiancé, Sarah Butler, who was attending school in New Haven with Mrs. Mary Denison (1822-24). Bessie remembers “dancing with Mr. Duncan when she was five”

1823

John Fenwick dies

1825

Eliza relays news to Mary Hays of the New Haven School Scandal

1825

Eliza and her daughter Eliza Ann and her four children move to New York

1825

Eliza has opened a school in New York with 13 pupils, Eliza Ann too sick to teach

1825

Eliza’s ‘family’ meets for the first time, the Moffat family, in Vauxhall Gardens in New York

1828

Elizabeth Ann Rutherford, 39, dies in New York leaving her four children in her mother’s care.

1827

Eliza gives up her school and takes over management of an Elite Boarding house on Bond Street befriending her neighbour Elizabeth (Baldwin) Morgan

1827

Alexander Duncan marries Sarah Butler Inn New Haven Connecticut

1827

William & Thomas Rutherford are apprenticed to manufacture jewelry with John Moffat & Co.

1828

John Breakenridge of Niagara dies leaving his pregnant wife Mary (Baldwin) and 4 children

1828

Eliza writes her last known letter to Mary Hays from New York

1828 - 1829

Somewhere between May /28 & March /29 Catherine (Baldwin) Morgan solicits Eliza Fenwick to open a school in Niagara with her recently widowed sister, Mary (Baldwin) Breakenridge

1829

Mary Breakenridge advertises her intent to open a school in Niagara with an English Lady of high accomplishment

1829

Eliza writes to the Moffats from Niagara and refers to the Duncans for the first time.

1829

William Rutherford, Eliza’s son in law, died in London

1829

Mary Breakenridge advertises the opening of a Seminary for Young Ladies in Niagara with “Mrs. Fenwick, an English Lady, (with) . . . long experience and success . . .”

1829

Eliza & her 4 grandchildren stayed with the Moffats in New York for a month before leaving for Niagara

1829

Eliza’s two older grandsons leave Niagara for work. Tom went to York to work for a merchant and William went to Flamborough to work for the Hon. James Crooks in his mills

January - September 1830

Eliza & Elizabeth (Bessie) write 5 letters to the Moffats, exchanging family news and asking John Moffat’s assistance to find a teacher for the Niagara school and to send school supplies, especially for ornamental works and sheet music.

1831

Eliza and John Moffat exchange their writing for review.

1831

Eliza plans to spend three weeks with the Ducans in Canandaigua

1832

Roland was working as clerk in William Hamilton’s store (Post Office) in Queenston (CDN letters 8 & 13)

1832

Roland & Bessie leave Niagara to attend school, Roland in for Canandaigua & Bessie in New York

1833

Eliza announces her upcoming move to Upper Canada College in York as Mistress of the boarders. pictured - Mrs Fenwick in Toronto Directory 1833

1833

Eliza’s family have Christmas dinner with Dr. Baldwin’s family

1834

Roland is apprenticed to a farmer for two years

1834

Eliza’s eldest grandsons, William and Thomas, drown in Toronto harbour

1835

At 17, Bessie is a resident governess with the Billings family in Toronto, and attending Balls & assemblies

1835

Elizabeth (Bessie) is bridesmaid to Maria Breakenridge on her marriage to Edmund Murney at St, Mark’s Church in Niagara

1836

Bessie meets Martin Van Beuren’s sons in Canadaigua

1837

Eliza thanks the Moffats for naming their latest & last son, Howard Fenwick Moffat (1837 – 1892) after her. Roland apprentices to a progressive farmer Mr. Pherrill

1837

Roland (Orlando) Rutherford marries Elizabeth Pherrill

1838

Alexander Duncan concerned about the rebellion in Canada convinces Eliza to ‘take a grandmother’s corner by their fireside” Bessie will be governess to their children

1838

Eliza registers a land transfer of 200 acres in Tillsonburg, as payment for two years schooling in Niagara from Elizabeth Connolly. (daughter of Rev. Robt. Addison, St. Mark’s Anglica Church in Niagara) One month later she transfers the uncleared land to Roland & Elizabeth. Roland & his wife will clear & farm it.

1838

Eliza leaves Canada to reside with the Duncans in their new home in Sodus Bay, NY. Mr. Duncan picked up Eliza & Bessie from Dr. Baldwin’s house, where they spent their last night in Canada, meeting William Warren Baldwin for the first time.

1839

Eliza meets sitting President Martin Van Buren on Sept 1, 1839 at the Duncan's home in Sodus Bay. He was there with the canal engineer J.G. Smith. Van Buren and Duncan & John Grieg were shareholders in the Sodus Bay Canal Co pictured - The closing lines of a letter to from Eliza Fenwick to Dr. & Mrs. Baldwin from Sodus Bay. (permission by Toronto Public Library)

1839

Eliza & Bessie arrive in New York to visit with friends for a few weeks while Mrs. Duncan prepares their home in Providence

1840

Eliza and Elizabeth move with the Duncans to live in Providence, Rhode Island

1840

Eliza Fenwick dies at age 74 in the home of her benefactor, Alexander Duncan in Providence Rhode Island. She is buried in the Butler family plot in the North Burial Ground, Providence, R.I.

Travelling with Eliza